Artistic responses to life in the strange new continent were initially seen through European and especially British artistic traditions
In the 19th century, Australian Impressionism and the Heidelberg School challenged the dominance of the 'Victorian' style, with Tom Rogerts, Arthur Streeton and others producing works which became Australian icons. The Firdt World War was a watershed in Australian and New Zealand history. No longer subservient to Europe artists now found their own language to depict the unique landscape and culture Down Under. At the same time indigenous artists began to respond to contemporary life, while retaining many of the traditions of their ancestors.